Problem Recognition, Definition, and Evaluation
As the project is starting to fall behind schedule, what project management philosophy will best help get the project back on track?
Development of the feasible alternatives
- Deming’s Philosophy
Development of the outcomes and cash flows for each alternative
For the Just-in-time philosophy, it is unique as it mainly applies to manufacturing or production lines and is about the continuous input of materials to reduce inventory quantities and drive down costs. Based on the fact that there is no materials required for this project other than labor, the labor just needs to perform their work just-in-time.
For the Kaizen philosophy, it is about continuous incremental improvements. Piece by piece the work is done and captures small amounts of improvement over a long period of time. This is a very efficient model that would drive down costs and keep work on schedule.
For Deming’s Philosophy, his 14 points is inclusive of the Kaizen philosophy. However, Deming’s is also best used on a production line. If half of the 14 points are eliminated or not followed on this project to factor in that this is a labor only project, it would be very similar to Kaizen. Note: 14 points can be found in my references, and will not be listed here due to length.
Selection of the criterion
|Alternatives||Drivers – Positive Effect|
|Reduce Cost||Reduce Schedule||Reduce Amount of Individual Time Spent||Effort Exhausted||Value to each Individual||Total|
Analysis and comparison of the alternatives
The grid analysis above is based on positive effect to the project. The ideal alternative is based on the highest total score based on quantifying my qualitative analysis of this project. Just-in-time just doesn’t work for this project. It would take more effort and continuous work at all times, which can’t be done based on everyone’s work schedule. Deming’s is the actual all around best solution, but didn’t win because it will take the most effort to get going. It will have the greatest long term effect, but it requires more effort on the part of individuals. I don’t see the individuals all putting in enough effort to implement Deming’s philosophy. Kaizen works best because it just requires a little to be done at a time. Inch by inch, piece by piece, everything will come together and has the ability to be done at the convenience of each team member. Due to time constraints and costs to the customer this is the best option as the project end date is fast approaching. If the project was based more on a mining project that is repeated year after year, Deming’s would be selection of choice.
Selection of the preferred alternative
The preferred alternative based on the selection of criterion is Kaizen on the basis of time, cost, and amount of effort involved. Performance monitoring and post evaluation results Performance monitoring and post evaluation results can be tracked through project controls by using earned value management. I estimate that there will be an increase in cost to the project because of the amount effort required to catch up for lost time or float used or lost on the schedule. With incrementally working towards completing the project in small manageable pieces, kaizen is the best philosophy for this project.
(2007). Small Change: Read a Few More Pages. Retrieved from Web Site: http://www.projectkaizen.com/small-change/small-change-read-a-few-more-pages.html#more-20
(2011). Kaizen Philosophy and Kaizen Method. Retrieved from Web Site: http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_kaizen.html
(2011). Just-in-time. Retrieved from Web Site: http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_jit.html
(n.d.). Deming’s 14 Point Philosophy: A Recipe for Total Quality. Retrieved from Web Site: http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newSTR_75.htm