W11_Candra Nugraha_Electrical Supply

Opportunity Statements

This blog posting is going to be my alternate paper which triggered from project proposal  for supplying power to Electrical Submersible Pumps (ESP) in PSC Contractor B. ESP is an artificial lift to produce the oil from wells which required electrical energy due to reservoir characterization and pressure declined.

Currently the electric has been supplying by other PSC Contractor since year 2002  and the contract will be expired on year 2011.

Root Cause

  • The current electric producer (PSC Contractor A) will need their power for oil production expansion so the contract will not be continued.
  •  PSC Contractor B has to find the source of power to maintain and increase the oil production.

Develop Alternatives

Based on the Production Profile, the produced oil wells will deliver 5750 bopd for 12 years life time. Some alternatives have been developed as per given condition:

Development of the outcomes

The table below is showing production w/ and without EOR:

Minimum Acceptable requirements

The criteria of economic selection are:

  • The Highest Net Income for Government.
  • The lowest Operating cost including electrical price.
  • The lowest Capital Expenditure.

Analyze and compare the alternatives

Based on the alternatives as given, we come up with the preliminary economic calculation for option1 which is the worst case scenarios:

Develop preferred alternative

BUY electric for production profile without EOR, is this worth Doing?

Estimated revenue generated as calculated is US$ 2,500 Million.The best Government Take is US$2,240 Million for12 years operation.  The problem with this option there are some uncertainties that should be mitigated with EOR method such as:

  • Water flood, steam flood or surfactant flood.
  • Electrical supplied is assumed based on Independent Power Producer (IPP) Price.
  • Is the Build Operate and Transfer method for IPP can be implemented?

Monitor and Evaluation (Post Mortem)

The next step will be evaluation of electrical supply whether developed by own self or purchase from IPP.

 Success Metrics

 Performance Metrics (Lagging Indicators)

  • Throughput gas volume
  • Operating cost

Process Metrics (Leading Indicators)

  • Spills – zero.
  • Industrial Accident / LTI  – zero
  • Cost performance – +/- 10% of budget
  • Schedule performance – +/- 10% of milestone dates.



  1. Peters, Max S & Timmerhaus, Klaus D. (1991), Plant Design and Economics for Chemical Engineers 4th Edition, Singapore: McGraw-Hill, Inc.
  2. Sullivan, William G., Wicks, Elin M. & Koelling, C. Patrick (1942), Engineering Economy 15th Edition, Singapore: Prentice Hall, Inc.

About Candra Nugraha

I'am living in jakarta, indonesia
This entry was posted in Candra Nugraha, Week #11, Weekly Submission. Bookmark the permalink.

1 Response to W11_Candra Nugraha_Electrical Supply

  1. DrPDG says:

    Awesome, Candra……. Wow, each week you come up with some really INTERESTING applications of what we are learning……

    Couple of questions- how did you generate the production curves? Normally, I have seen these generated as ranges (best case, worst case, most likely) and not a single curve. I know you mentioned different scenarios, but wouldn’t it be better to show them all on the same graph? Also, I don’t see any supporting calculations showing the projected increases/decreases in the PRICE of oil or the COST OF EXTRACTION. Now, maybe you did them, but if not, then you should be considering those outcomes and factoring them into the decision making model.

    Either way, it is clear you understand what we are trying to accomplish with the blog postings each week- far better than most!! So keep up the great work!! I really look forward to reading what you produce each week!!!

    And it would really be great if you could mentor Bu Lilly and David, as both are struggling with this assignment and you really understand it nicely….. Teamwork…. And leadership…….

    Dr. PDG, Depok…….

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s